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CEsA DS SEMINAR ricardo sousa 6 abril

_synopsis:

 

«This presentation is about the behaviorist “non-normative” Peace Research (PR) tradition and has two main objectives. One objective is to locate this field in relation to closely related fields of research. PR specificity is: the dependent variable of peace and conflict when compared with Political Science and International Relations; the normative concern with the causes of war when compared with Strategic Studies; and, the rejection of the “practicality” of research and a restrain on normativity when compared with Peace Studies (defined as peace research, peace teaching and peace action) and Conflict Resolution. Also PR is here considered one of the sub-fields of International Security Studies. The second objective of the presentation is to present the history of PR. Since its creation in the 1950s with a focus on inter-state conflict as an alternative to Strategic Studies, PR had two defining periods. One period in the late 1960s labelled as the “socialist revolution” with the conceptualization of (positive) peace as more than the absence of war and a challenge for normativity in research. A second period in the 1980s with the broadening of the referent object to intra-state conflict and liberal peace and the emergence of other social sciences dedicated to the study of issues in, or close to, PR, broadly defined as security, some of them adopting a normative stance in research. The epistemological community of PR kept its behaviorist approach in spite of these two normative challenges and its distinctiveness and unity is much due to its method. »

 

Ricardo Sousa

Lisbon 2017@CEsA/CSG/ISEG


_materiais disponíveis:

_apresentaçao [PDF]

_ler também o artigo do autor: "Genealogy of Behaviourist Peace Research"

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Ricardo Sousa é Professor auxiliar na Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa (UAL) e membro do OBSERVARE – Observatório de Relações Exteriores. A sua investigação situa-se na área dos Estudos da Paz e da Guerra desenvolvida com uma abordagem multidisciplinar utilizando métodos mistos de pesquisa. Os seus temas de interesse são guerras civis e outras formas de violência política, a "maldição dos recursos”, intervenções externas e organizações internacionais com um mandato de segurança, na região Africana, o Corno de África, Angola, Somália, as Nações Unidas e a União Africana. [+]